A beginner’s guide to gardening


From the first day of human existence, there has been some form of gardening. This is an activity that not only helps to maintain life, but also brings happiness and satisfaction. However, as the saying goes, getting started is the hardest part.Understanding the wording about gardening and figuring out what can be daunting plant Where you live will grow well. After all, gardening is a very basic activity, and contrary to what you see in gardening catalogs and online supply stores, it does not require a lot of supplies or money to start. However, it does require some planning and knowledge. Fortunately, even if you are a beginner, you can start a successful garden with these tips.

Garden term

When shopping, you will notice that plants have life cycle labels. Annual plants will grow for one season and are rarely seen again. The biennale will last for two years. Perennials return to multiple growing seasons.

Related: Companion plants to consider in spring gardens

You also need to interpret the wording about the type of plants you buy. Although most people know what seeds are, you can also buy bare-rooted plants that have been removed from the ground while dormant and saved for later use. You can also collect seedlings, which are plants that have just been transformed from seeds. The bulb goes underground in the off-season and blooms after one or two seasons.

Local garden centers and online resources will list descriptions of plants, and these descriptions also require some understanding. Deciduous trees will shed their leaves every fall or winter, while evergreen shrubs will keep their leaves throughout the season. A ground cover is a slow-growing, spreading plant that never exceeds a foot in height. The cultivation of ornamental plants is mainly for visual appeal, not for consumption or other purposes.Plants classified as hybrids have been crossed to encourage specific traits, such as low water Ask for a sweeter or sweeter taste.

Gardening tools on the soil

Know your soil

Perhaps the most important thing you can do for gardening success is to understand the composition of the soil (it is not just soil; it is an ecosystem!). Don’t worry, you don’t need to attend class.Just grab one soil Sample package provided by the garden center, or take the sample to your regional promotion center.

Once you know whether you are dealing with clay (thick and slow drainage), loam (rich in sand, silt and clay and balanced), sandy (lack of soil due to high sand content) or silty (between sand and clay) Between), you will be able to plan ways to balance the soil.

Different plants require different soil components, which just means that it is acidic or alkaline. Testing the pH value will give you a number, usually between 0-14. A pH value of 7 is neutral, higher than 7 is alkaline, and lower than 7 is acidic. Most plants prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH of 6 to 6 and a half. With this information, you can mix materials that increase or decrease that number.

If your soil is not suitable for living, you can buy or build a raised bed and fix the extra soil on the ground to keep healthy and love plants environment.

Native, non-native, heirloom and invasive plants

Planning is a key step in gardening, although most of them will eventually be learned through trial and error.When choosing plants, it’s important to know Native plant Nature will thrive in your yard because these plants are suitable for the climate and soil conditions and have been growing in the area for hundreds of years. On the other hand, non-native plants have been introduced into the area. They may be doing well. They may not. The term heirloom refers to it continuously pollinating from the same host plant that has not changed for 50 years or more.This is often seen food Garden, such as “heirloom tomatoes”.

at last, Invasive plants It is easy to stumble upon it in your yard and accidental planting. They can be beautiful. They can thrive. But they will take over them without precautions. Invasive species can also cause ecosystem damage.

Green leafy vegetables growing in the garden

Cold hardiness zone

Another key information that will help you succeed in the garden is to know your hardiness zone. Map of U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zone You can easily identify your planting area. From there, you can choose the plants that are most likely to thrive in your area. Much of the information you can find in books and on the Internet mentions your hardiness zone-for good reason. From carrots to grasses, everything grows differently in different geographic regions. This will help you plan when to plant cool weather crops and warm weather crops in your area.

Planning the light

Spend some time in your yard, and then figure out how to put your garden. Most vegetable plants grown during the main gardening season require plenty of sunlight. This means that there will be at least six hours of direct sunlight every day. Some plants require partial sunlight and can tolerate more time in the shade. Observe the sun throughout the season to really understand where the light is hitting.In addition to the amount of sunlight the space receives, consider whether you can easily obtain water and whether you need fences to resist deer and other animals wild animals.

Man standing in the garden and writing in a notebook

Keep a diary

An important tool gardening Success is a log of your activity. This can be as simple as a small notebook or as comprehensive as a computer spreadsheet. The goal is simply to track the crops you plant, when they were planted, where they were planted, whether they suffered from disease or pest problems, and the time required to reach maturity (when they can be harvested).

Picture from Adobe Stock



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