The military locally designed, developed and deployed a series of monitoring equipment on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the eastern sector to track the frequent exercises and increased patrol activities of PLA forces in the area. disputed borders.

Last week, Eastern Army Commander Lt. Gen. Manoj Pandey said the People’s Liberation Army had increased the frequency and duration of annual exercises along the LAC region on the eastern frontier and also continued to deploy some of its reserve formations into the rear.

He also acknowledged the increased activities of Chinese patrols in the Latin American and Caribbean region, and said that local commanders resolved any confrontation that occurred with Indian forces according to established protocols.

To track these Chinese activities, local military innovations involving artificial intelligence (AI) and other technologies have been developed.

For example, Major Bhavya Sharma has developed facial recognition software, which has been deployed near the Latin American and Caribbean region to track PLA soldiers whenever they are spotted in disputed areas adjacent to the Tawang sector of Arunachal Pradesh.

Major Sharma of the Signals Regiment of the 5th Mountain Division. This is one of the two people scattered in the region that takes care of the sensitive Tawang sector and the region of Latin America and the Caribbean bordering the sector. There are three principally contested areas along the LAC in the Tawang District – Namka Chu Valley, Sumdurong Chu and Yangtze – which are patrolled by both sides.

The software can help identify PLA personnel approaching the LAC region, by matching them to a pre-defined database collected over a period of time through various monitoring measures.

The software uses Python code and consists of two modules – face detection and face recognition – and uses artificial intelligence computer vision technology to perform face recognition via live broadcast, recorded video or still image.

Developed in April, the software costs 5,000 rupees and can work without internet.

Other surveillance equipment was developed locally by the Army and deployed at LAC and also includes a handheld thermal imager.

Officers at the site said this was deployed to forward positions in Latin America and the Caribbean to track the movement of PLA personnel, including their light vehicles, and assess how many were there as well as to exclude the movement of animals. The feed received from the device has also been digitized to improve detection accuracy – versus what was analog in the past.

Apart from domestic equipment, India has deployed satellites, radars, ground sensors, an array of Israeli Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and aircraft to maintain tracking of the LAC 24 hours a day and beyond in areas of depth.

Feed from all monitoring resources is received collectively at the Ropa Divisional Control Center – operated around the clock by trained military personnel – where it is processed and deployed to soldiers on the ground for timely action.

Last week, Maj. Gen. Zubin A Manwala, officer general with the 5th Mountain Division, said the military is creating more transparency on the battlefield through technology. “We are using technology to increase our awareness of the whole situation,” he said.

Another senior Army officer said that while the technology cannot replace boots on the ground, it has been used as a “great force multiplier” by arming soldiers deployed at a combat coordination center with real-time information on enemy movements.

“Information about crowds in the rear areas can be obtained faster and in advance, and therefore, it is processed in a timely manner to assess the enemy’s intent and take appropriate countermeasures in a timely manner,” the officer said.

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