India is ranked 71st in the Global Food Security Index (GFS) 2021 out of 113 countries, but the country lags behind its neighbors Pakistan and Sri Lanka in terms of food affordability, according to a report. Pakistan (with 52.6 points) scored better than India (50.2 points) in the food affordability category. A global report released by The Economist Impact and Cortiva Aggression on Tuesday said Sri Lanka did better with 62.9 points in this category on the GFS 2021 Index.

Ireland, Australia, the United Kingdom, Finland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Canada, Japan, France and the United States shared the top spot with a total GFS score of 77.8 and 80 points on the index.

The GFS Index was designed and built by the London-based Economist Impact and sponsored by Corteva Agriscience. The GFS Index measures the primary drivers of food security in 113 countries, based on factors of affordability, availability, quality and safety, natural resources and resilience.

Read also | Explain: Why India refused to rank the 2021 Global Hunger Index

It takes into account 58 unique indicators of food security, including income and economic inequality, calling attention to the systemic gaps and actions needed to accelerate progress towards the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030.

According to the report, India ranked 71st with an overall score of 57.2 points on the GFS Index 2021 from 113 countries, better than Pakistan (75th), Sri Lanka (77th), Nepal (79th) and Bangladesh (84th). Location). But the country was lagging behind China (34th).

In the food affordability category, Pakistan (with 52.6 points) scored better than India (50.2 points). Sri Lanka was also better at 62.9 points on the GFS Index 2021. In the case of food availability, quality and safety as well as the protection of natural resources for food production, India scored better than Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka on the GFS Index 2021, the report added.

However, over the past ten years, India’s increasing gains in overall food security score have lagged behind those made by Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh.

India’s score improved by only 2.7 points to 57.2 in 2021 from 54.5 in 2012 compared to Pakistan by 9 points (to 54.7 in 2021 from 45.7 in 2012) while Nepal scored 7 points (to 53.7 in 2021 from 46.7 points) In 2012). ) and Bangladesh 4.7 points (to 49.1 points in 2021 from 44.4 points in 2012). China’s score improved by 9.6 points to 71.3 in 2021 from 61.7 in 2012, the report said.

“The GFSI looks beyond hunger to identify the underlying factors affecting food insecurity worldwide,” said Tim Glenn, Executive Vice President and Commercial Director of Corteva Agriscience.

The results of the GFS Index 2021 also showed that global food security declined for the second consecutive year after seven years of progress towards the sustainable development goal of ending hunger by 2030.

According to Pratima Singh, Head of the Global Food Security Index at The Economist Impact, “The Index shows that although countries have made significant strides towards addressing food insecurity in the past 10 years, food systems remain vulnerable to economic, climatic and geopolitical shocks. Action is imperative on All levels – local, national and global – to end hunger and malnutrition and ensure food security for all.”

In its global report, The Economist Impact stated that the index shows that meeting these current and future challenges requires investments in food security to be sustainable, from innovation in yields of climate-resistant crops to investing in programs to assist the most vulnerable.

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