India ranks first in emissions related to crop burning, accounting for 13 percent of total global emissions for the 2015-2020 period, according to a new report from climate technology startup Blue Sky Analytics, which is also part of the global alliance. Climate Trace. Blue Sky Analytics, an Indian climate technology startup founded by an IT graduate, has cited India’s contribution of 12.2 percent to farmland fire emissions in 2020.

The data in the report reveals new insights into recent trends in biomass fires, including emissions from wildfires and crop residues in India. For example, the data verifies the downward trend in crop fires observed between 2016 and 2019, citing a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions due to farmland fires of 11.39 percent in the cited period. However, it also indicates a 12.8% increase in emissions in 2019-2020, increasing India’s global contribution to 12.2%.

Climate TRACE is a global coalition whose mission is to accelerate climate action by providing high-resolution, near-real-time (GHG) independent emissions data. Its innovative approach fills critical knowledge gaps for all countries that rely on the self-reporting patchwork system that currently serves as the basis for most existing emissions inventories.

“For effective climate action, it is essential to have an independent system-wide view of emissions. This is particularly critical for sources like fires, which are rapidly increasing in frequency and size, but whose emissions are still poorly tracked and accounted for in most multi-sectoral inventories. ,” said Abellasha Purwar, a graduate of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and founder and CEO of Blue Sky Analytics.

Blue Sky Analytics emissions estimates cover fires caused by human activities, including burning in forest areas to convert to farmland or crop residues and wildfire activity, which results in a comprehensive picture of fire emissions. Satellite data sources for active fire determination and characterization with high-resolution global land cover maps, these estimates complement existing state-level reporting methods, which rely primarily on seasonal estimates and ground measurements of the burned area.

“For far too long, climate action has been hampered by a lack of independent, verifiable data on emissions. Climate action is built on the idea that we can only manage what we can measure,” explained former US Vice President and Climate Trice member Al Gore.

“We are helping create a level playing field for everyone who wants to take an active role in reducing emissions – from government ministers and regulators to investors and business leaders to journalists and citizen activists. This new era of radical transparency will reveal it all.”

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