A new hub linking Guwahati to the strategically important Tawang district is set to emerge over the next two years as part of the massive infrastructure development going on in Arunachal Pradesh. Senior defense officials familiar with the development plan told News18.com that the new route would not only enhance border connectivity and aid faster mobilization of forces, but would enhance overall military logistical preparation.

The planned western axis, which will be about 180 km long, will pass through Calaktang and connect Shergaon to Ropa and then to Tawang. The Tawang region shares borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region in the north and Bhutan in the southwest.

It will be an alternative route to the existing Balipara-Charduar-Tawang (BCT) hub and will run parallel to it. The proposed route would bypass the Silla Pass and pass through lower elevations and less densely populated areas.

Apart from the BCT hub, Orang-Kalaktang-Shergaon-Rupa-Tawang is the other hub connecting Guwahati to Tawang at present.

The planned western axis is part of the heavy infrastructure development that is underway in the area at the moment.

Due to the confrontation with China in eastern Ladakh, the entire line of effective control was tense, and India greatly enhanced its border infrastructure, including roads, bridges and habitat.

Speaking to reporters about the overall military readiness in the area, Major General Zubin A Manwala, Commander-in-Chief of the 5th Mountain Division, emphasized that there has been a huge push for infrastructure development by both the Border Roads Organization (BRO) and the civilian government in the area.

The Fifth Mountain Division is one of the two divisions in the region. He takes care of Bum La delicacy near LAC to western Bhutan.

The senior army officer also said that apart from strengthening the road infrastructure, the focus was on enhancing the use of high-tech surveillance equipment in the Latin America and the Caribbean region to ensure that no large number of troops were deployed there during peacetime.

“We are creating more transparency through technology. We are using technology to increase our awareness of the whole situation.

Surveillance equipment, many of which are locally made, is based on artificial intelligence and is deployed throughout Latin America and the Caribbean to detect movement of people and vehicles. It is also used to recognize the faces of enemy forces and to gather intelligence. Data from all ground and airborne surveillance assets is transmitted in real time to a 24/7 monitoring center in Ropa by military personnel.

Additionally, a group of Israeli herons are holding a day and night vigil at LAC. An Army Aviation Brigade was raised earlier this year at Misamare in Assam, and its assets include remotely piloted vehicles, ALH Rudra and ALH Dhruv.

As first reported by News18.com, four new Heron TPs purchased by India are scheduled to be delivered by the end of this year and will be published in the LAC.

“We do not interact. We have our own plans and we are confident of achieving our goals and objectives in terms of capacity building.

Other major infrastructure projects underway in the region include around 22 bridges, several tunnels such as the Neciphu and Sela Tunnels, and several other air bases and major roads being constructed in strategically important areas of the state.

Detailing other infrastructure work in the area, Anant Kumar Singh, an engineer of the Frontier Roads Organization, said the tunnels in the Nechiphu and Sela Corridor will be completed by next year ahead of schedule. He added that work is underway on several other major border roads and bridges.

The BRO has undertaken several important projects in the region and has been instrumental in strengthening the border infrastructure on the eastern border at a rapid pace.

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