Leaders of the world’s 20 largest economies gathered in Rome, Italy, on Saturday for a The two-day summit focused on climate change issuesand Covid-19 and the economic recovery.

Among the leaders at the G20 summit was Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who interacted with several world leaders including US President Joe Biden and French President Emmanuel Macron.

Here’s everything you need to know about India’s participation in the G20 Summit.

1. The global fight against COVID

India’s Foreign Minister, Harsh Vardhan Shringla, said at a press conference in Rome that Prime Minister Modi told others at the G20 summit that India was ready to produce five billion doses of Covid-19 vaccine by the end of 2022.

“We also believe that the WHO emergency use authorization of Covaxin will facilitate this process to help other countries,” he added.

At the summit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi highlighted India’s contribution to the global fight against the Covid pandemic and spoke about the nation’s vision of ‘One Earth, One Health’.

2. Diversify the supply chain

Harsh Vardhan Shringla stated that at the summit, Prime Minister Modi called on the world’s largest countries to make India their partner in economic recovery and supply chain diversification.

Prime Minister Modi emphasized that India continued to be a “reliable partner in the context of reliable supply chains” despite the challenges of the pandemic. He stressed the need for resilient global supply chains and spoke about India’s economic reforms.

3. PM MODI interactions with world leaders

On the sidelines of the summit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with world leaders including US President Joe Biden, French President Emmanuel Macron, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. The photos themselves were tweeted by the Prime Minister’s Office.

4. “Productive” meetings with the French President, the Prime Minister of Singapore

Prime Minister Modi’s office tweeted on Saturday evening to announce that Prime Minister Modi had “productive” discussions with French President Emmanuel Macron and Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.

“Fruitful discussions between Prime Minister Modi and President Macron on the sidelines of the G20 Summit. India and France are cooperating extensively in various sectors. Today’s talks will add impetus to bilateral relations between the two countries,” the Prime Minister’s Office of India tweeted.

Regarding discussions between India and Singapore, the office tweeted an image with the caption, “Productive meeting between Prime Ministers Modi and Lee Hsien Loong in Rome. The two leaders reviewed the full range of friendly relations between India and Singapore.”

5. Important global developments

Saturday’s opening session focused on global health and the economy, with a sideline meeting between US President Joe Biden, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to discuss Iran’s nuclear program.

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi has called for greater efforts to provide vaccines to poor countries in the world.

on the issue of climate change, Reuters has arrived A draft statement makes clear that major nations are likely to “slightly tighten past pledges on climate action, while failing to set tough new targets that activists say are vital to preventing environmental catastrophe”.

On the first day of the summit, leaders also passed a minimum tax rate that all states can collect from businesses from 2023 onwards. This deal aims to prevent major corporations from shutting down their profits in tax havens.

6. What is on the next agenda

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit the Trevi Fountain in Rome on Sunday. Next, he will attend the G20 session on climate change and the environment. This will be followed by a bilateral meeting with the Spanish Prime Minister.

PM Modi will attend a session on sustainable development and a side event hosted by US President Joe Biden on “supply chain resilience”.

He is also expected to hold other bilateral meetings on the sidelines of the summit on Sunday.

After the G20, Prime Minister Modi will travel to Glasgow on Sunday for a summit Twenty-sixth Conference of the Parties (COP-26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

7. What is the G20?

The G20 is a leading global forum that brings together the world’s major economies. Its members represent more than 80 percent of global GDP, 75 percent of global trade and 60 percent of the planet’s population.

Italy has held the G20 presidency since December last year. The Forum has met every year since 1999 and includes, since 2008, an annual summit with the participation of the relevant Heads of State and Government. This year’s summit centered around the theme “People, Planet, Prosperity”.

(Photo: AP/PTI)

Ahead of the summit, Indian External Affairs Minister, Harsh Vardhan Shringla, said the G20 remains a valuable forum for India’s engagement with the world’s major economies and for setting trends and benchmarks for global economic development and recovery.

(With inputs from Geeta Mohan, Reuters, PTI)

Read also: G20 Summit: Prime Minister Modi and other world leaders pose for a ‘family photo’ with frontline workers in Rome | visuals
Also read: French President Emmanuel Macron tweeted in Hindi, Prime Minister Modi responded with a similar gesture

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